در چهار باغ علویان در نزدیکی میدان امامزاده عبدالله شهر همدان قرار دارد.
این اثر یکی از شاهکارهای معماری و گچبری بعد از اسلام در همدان است، و
طی شماره ۹۴ در تاریخ ۱۵/۱۰/۱۳۱۰ در فهرست آثار ملی به ثبت رسیدهاست.
اساس شناسنامه فنی بنا، این گنبد یکی از یادمانهای متعلق به اواخر دوره
سلجوقیان در قرن ششم هجری است که توسط خاندان علویان ابتدا به عنوان مسجد
احداث شده بودهاست. در دورههای بعد با ایجاد سردابی در زیر زمین به مقبره
آن خاندان تبدیل گردیدهاست. خاقانی به کنایه از آن به عنوان گنبد سبز یاد
نمودهاست و فرهنگ عامیانه مردم استان همدان نیز بر این امر دلالت دارد .
باباطاهر عریان مربوط به دوره معاصر است و در همدان، میدان باباطاهر واقع
شده و این اثر در تاریخ ۲۱ اردیبهشت ۱۳۷۶ با شمارهٔ ثبت ۱۸۷۰ بهعنوان یکی
از آثار ملی ایران به ثبت رسیدهاست .
که حدوداً در اواخر قرن چهارم و اوایل قرن پنجم میزیسته، از شعرا و عرفای
بزرگ روزگار خویش است. بیشتر دوران زندگی او در فقر گذشت. او یکی از
مشهورترین دوبیتی سرایان ایرانی است که گذشت زمان نتوانسته دوبیتیهای
شورانگیزش را که با لهجه زبان لکی سروده شدهاست از یادها بزداید. از بابا
طاهر علاوه بر دوبیتیها آثار ادبی دیگری نیز به جا ماندهاست که از آن
جمله میتوان به دو قطعه، چند غزل، مجموعه کلمات قصار عربی و کتابی به نام
سرانجام اشاره نمود. بابا طاهر در مجموعه کلمات قصار عربی، عقاید عرفانی
خود را علم معرفت و ذکر و عبادت و وجد و محبت بیان کردهاست که مشتمل بر
۴۲۰ ذکر عارفانه در پنجاه باب و همراه با خاتمهای در موضوعات متفرقه است.
کتاب سرانجام وی مشتمل بر دو بخش است که بخش نخست آن رسالهای است که با
کلمات قصار در عقاید عرفاً و صوفیان و بخش دوم نیز رسالهای است به نام
(الفتوحات الربانی فی اشارات الهمدانی) که گویا شارح آن جانی بیک همدانی
است. در محوطه داخلی این آرامگاه ۲۴ دو بیتی بر روی ۲۴ قطعه سنگ زیبا حک
شده و در قسمت پایین اطراف محوطه داخلی مزار نصب شدهاست. از باباطاهر
علاوه بر دو بیتیهایش آثار ادبی دیگری نیز بجا ماندهاست که میتوان به دو
قطعه و چند غزل و کتابی با عنوان «سرانجام» اشاره کرد.
شیخ الرئیس بوعلی سینا یا آرامگاه بوعلی سینا بنای یادبود شیخالرئیس ابن
سینا فیلسوف، دانشمند و طبیب مشهور ایرانی است که در میدان بوعلی سینا در
مرکز شهر همدان واقع شدهاست و این اثر در تاریخ ۲۱ اردیبهشت ۱۳۷۶ با
شمارهٔ ثبت ۱۸۶۹ بهعنوان یکی از آثار ملی ایران به ثبت رسیده است .
آرامگاه بوعلی سینا در زمان قاجاریه ساخته شد. این مقبره به دستور دختری
به نام نگار، نوه فتحعلی شاه، بنا شد.در سال ۱۳۳۰ انجمن آثار ملی ایران به
مناسبت هزارمین سالروز تولد ابوعلی سینا تصمیم به ساخت آرامگاهی جدید گرفت.
طرح و نقشه بنای فعلی توسط مهندس هوشنگ سیحون به سبک معماری دوره و سدهای
که بوعلی سینا در آن میزیسته از روی قدیمیترین بنای تاریخ دار اسلامی
یعنی برج گنبد قابوس در شهر گنبد کاووس اقتباس شدهاست.کار ساخت بنای جدید
آرامگاه در سال ۱۳۳۳ هجری شمسی به پایان رسید. محل آرامگاه جدید بوعلی منزل
مسکونی و مقبره فردی بنام ابوسعید دخوک، دوست صمیمی بوعلی سینا بودهاست
که بقایای جسد بوعلی سینا هم به این مکان منتقل و دفن شد. در غرفه آثار
بوعلی عکسی از جمجه بوعلی نیز در معرض دید گذاشته شده که هنگام جابجایی
مقبره تهیه شدهاست.
دوستان عزیز و ارجمند
های گرامی که تصمیم دارند به شهر همدان سفر کنند در هر موقعیت زمانی سوالی داشتید میتوانید مطرح کنید و یا نیاز به راهنما و همراه حضوری نیاز داشتند می
توانند اعلام کنند در صورت خالی بودن وقت در خدمتتان هستم
ancient Ecbatana - one of the oldest sites in Iran
Hamadan (Hamedan) province is situated in a mountainous area in the centre of
western Iran. Mt. Alvand is tallest peak in the province at 3,574m and
with much of the area located well over 1,700m above sea level, it has
the coldest and longest winters in the whole of Iran. A cool and pleasant
summer climate does however attract tourists escaping from the intense
One of the most famous natural attractions in Iran, the Ali Sadr Cave,
is situated approximately 100km north of Hamadan City. The cave is in
fact a sealed underground lake of crystal clear water, quite unlike
river caves whose water flows out through an exit. Thus the cave is
completely devoid of plant or animal life.
Discovered by chance by a shepherd around 40 years ago, 14km of caves
have now been explored with 4km now arranged for tourists to explore by
boat and on foot. The main chamber is 100m across at its widest and has
a ceiling 40m high with the second largest not much smaller than this
one, making Ali Sadr Cave, the largest water cave in the world.
With numerous stalactites and stalagmites (some over 10m tall) and walls
covered with mineral deposits unique to this cave, visitors are surrounded
by scenes of magic and splendour. An artificial entranceway which once
guided water out of the cave to the surface bears an inscription dating
back to the reign of Darius I (521-485 BC).
Assyrian inscriptions dating back to 1100 BC mention, Hangmatana, the
ancient name of Hamadan but the city had almost certainly been populated
since the 3rd millennium BC making it the oldest city in Iran and one
of the oldest in the world. It was here in 673 BC that the first Median
capital was established under the name of Ecbatana, meaning "place of
From 549 BC, after he last of the Median kings had been defeated by Cyrus
the Great, the city became the summer capital of the Achaemenid kings
who would come here to escape the baking heat of Susa.
The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that, at the height of its glory,
Ecbatana was a shining jewel of the ancient world with buildings plated
with precious metals and seven layers of city walls, the inner two being
coated in silver and gold. From the time of Alexander, the city suffered
many invasions and lost much of its wealth and importance though it remained
the summer capital during Parthian
The city was captured by the Arabs in 644 and its name was changed to
Hamadan. For several centuries it prospered as a commercial hub and provincial
capital. In the latter half of the 12th century the Seljuks made Hamadan
their capital and so it remained for fifty years until 1220 when the city
was destroyed by the armies of Tamerlane.
In the following centuries, wars with the Ottoman Empire caused further
destruction and as a result, little remains of the city that predates
its partial reconstruction in the 17th century. The modern city of Hamadan
was built according to a plan by the German architect Karl Fritsch with
six avenues radiating like the spokes of a wheel from a central square.
Sang-e Shir (Stone lion)
The only remaining relic of the ancient history of Hamadan, this 2.5m
long stone statue of a lion, now badly eroded by time, has been tentatively
dated as far back as Median times. It has also been said that the statue
may have been commissioned by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC
to mark the grave of his general and friend Hephaiston who died in Hamadan.
It is now situated in a park in the south east part of the city.
The Grave of Avicenna
Avicenna is the name by which the great Persian scientist and philosopher
Ibn Sina is known in the West. During his lifetime he wrote 450 books
on a wide range of subjects and is considered by many to be the father
of modern medicine.
Avicenna died in 1037 near Hamadan. The current construction dates back
to 1952, its predecessor having been destroyed by an earthquake in 1948.
The tower design was inspired by the Gonbad-e Kabus funerary tower which
is located in the city of the same name in Mazandaran Province, northeast
Iran. The tower houses a small museum dedicated to his life and works.
Beside the grave of Avicenna is the grave of his great friend Abu Said.
The Grave of Esther and Mordechai
According to legend, this is the last resting place of Esther, the Jewish
princess and wife of Xerxes I, along with her uncle Mordechai who, it
is said, persuaded the king to allow Jewish colonies to be established
throughout the Persian Empire.
However, the shrine has also been attributed to a much later Jewish Queen
of the Sassanid
period who persuaded her husband Yazdegerd I to establish a Jewish
colony in Hamadan in the early 5th century AD. The construction is a simple
brick building on a square plan that dates from some time between 13th
and 17th century.
The architectural style reflects that of Islamic shrines but bears inscriptions
in Hebrew from the Torah and the Ten Commandments. Situated alongside
the tomb is a synagogue and a Jewish cemetery.
A 12th century Seljuk mausoleum belonging to the Alavi family though
whose grave it houses is unknown. The interior is decorated with stucco
carved with arabesques and inscriptions in Kufic which are considered
some of the most beautiful of the Seljuk
Though the original domed roof has not survived, the tomb is still a
fine example Seljuk architecture and is similar in style to the Gombad-e
Sorgh ("Red Tower"), in Maragheh,
The Ganj Nameh Inscriptions
20km from Hamadan, high in the Alvand mountains are two cuneiform inscriptions,
each in the Ancient Persian, New Elamite and New Babylonian languages,
carved side by side on a large granite stone. The left hand inscription
tells of the conquests of the the Achaemenid King Darius I (522-486BC)
and gives thanks to the god Ahuramazda who bestowed upon him the right
An identical inscription can be found at the gates of the Apadana Palace
at Persepolis. The second inscription is identical in content to the first
but instead tells of Xerxes I (486-465BC), son of Darius. Before these
inscriptions were translated it was believed that they contained instructions
directing the reader to the location of undiscovered treasures of the
Achaemenid Empire, hence the name Ganj Nameh which means "treasure letter".
The inscriptions are located on a mountain pass that merchants on the
Silk Road would have seen on their travels.
Hamadan Province Capital: Hamadan
Area: 19,445 km2
History A fertile province in the middle of western Iran,
Hamadan is cold from September to May, with a lot of
snow in the higher regions. Hamadan province is multicultural,
populated with more Kurds, Lors and Turks than Persians.
According to one legend, Hamadan was founded by the
mythical King Jamshid. The High Lights:
city of Hekmataneh
city has been inhabited since at least the 2nd millennium
BC. Under Cyrus the Great, it became the Median capital
in the 6th century BC, when the city was known as Ecbatana
or Hegmatane ('meeting place'). When it reached the
height of its glory as the summer capital of the Aebtiemenian
empire (559-330 BC), Hamadan-was described as one of
the most opulent cities, with splendid palaces, building:
plated with precious metals and seven layers of town
walls, the inner two of which were coated in gold and
glorious riches naturally attracted hordes of invading
armies. Hamadan faded in importance after the Arab Conquest
in the mid-7th century but became the regional capital
under the Seljuqs for some 60 years in the late 12th
century he city was devastated by the Mongols in 1220
and again by Teimur in 1386 but soon returned to relative
prosperity and remained so until the 18th century. Hamadan
then fell into a serious decline and suffered from an
invasion by the Turks, from which the city did not recover
until the mid 19th century.
Ali Sina (Avicenna) The great Bu Ali Sina was born in the village of
Khormassin in 980,and revered during his lifetime as
a philosopher and physician. He is more commonly known
in the west as Avicenna, the name under which his widely
respected medical encyclopedia was published in Europe.
He died in Hamadan in 1037.
Ester's Tomb The most important Jewish pilgrimage site in Iran,
this is believed to contain the bodies of Esther, the
Jewish wife of Xerxes I, who is credited with organizing
the first Jewish emigration to Persist in the 5th century,
and her uncle Mordecai.
This well-preserved 12th century mausoleum of the Alavi
family - the pre-eminent family in the town during most
of the Seljuq period (1051-1220)-is probably the most
noteworthy monument in Hamadan it is interesting for
the outstanding quality or its stucco ornamentation,
with whirling floral motifs on the exterior- walls and
intricate geometric designs on its Mehrab, the tombs
are in the crypt, reached by a spiral staircase.
Stone This famous l4th century stone lion in the square
of he same name in south-east Hamadan, is the only distinct,
visible monument of the ancient city, Ecbatana. It originally
guarded a city gate and may have been carved at the
behest of Alexander the Great. Avicent a Memorial Obviously
modeled on the magnificent Gonbad-e Kavus tower near
Gorgltn, this dominating structure was built as recently
as 1954, in memory of Bu Ali Sina.
Hekmatane Hill Some ruins of the ancient city can be seen around
this extensive plot of land. Some small items found
here, and elsewhere in Hamadan, have been put on display
in the museum in the centre of the site, but most are
in the National Museum of Iran in Tehran. Currently
undergoing extensive excavations and renovations, the
complex is Alisadr Caves.
Caves, discovered only 40 years ago by a local shepherd
looking for a lost goat, are up to 40m high, and contain
several huge lakes with clear water up to 8m deep. Nothing
lives in the water - surprisingly bats don't even find
it worth hanging around here and there are no signs
of any inhabitants from past centuries. These caves
are the longest watery caves of the world.